by ActionSammy on 30/11/11 at 9:50 pm
A few facts and figures on Armenia.
Official name: Republic of Armenia
Official language: Armenian
Land area: 11,484 sq mi/29,743 sq km
Dominant religion: Christianity
Current leader: President Serzh Sargsyan
Armenia is a country in southwestern Asia. It is bordered by Georgia to the north, Azerbaijan to the east, Iran to the south, Azerbaijan to the southwest and Turkey to the west. Part of Armenia splits Azerbaijan into two parts to form the southern border with Iran. The country has mostly rugged, mountainous due to its location in the Caucasus Mountains. The country has an average altitude of 5,000 feet (1,500 meters).
Much of what makes up eastern Turkey used to be part of Armenia. The country fought with Turkey during much of its history and by 1915, the Turks had succeeded in permanently driving the Armenians east. In 1920 the Russians took control of the country and in 1922 it was made part of the Transcaucasian Republic of the Soviet Union. In 1936 it was given republic status and renamed the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic. In gained independence during the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union.
About 90 percent of the population is Armenians. Ethnic Kurds and Russians make the largest minority ethnic groups. Most of the people live in urban areas and many still reside in the old Soviet-made block apartment buildings. Armenia has one of the world’s highest literacy rates.
Manufacturing and mining make up about two-thirds of Armenia’s economic production while agriculture accounts for 10 percent. The country’s mines produce gold, lead and zinc while farm products include apricots, barley, peaches, potatoes, quinces, walnuts, wheat and wine grapes.