by Tina Karle on 26/07/11 at 12:03 am
Cincinnati, long known as the Queen city, has a new gem to add to her crown. For all around this city and her outlying areas are picturesque waterfalls to be seen. Though Cincinnati is not known for having large waterfalls, what you will discover will surprise one and all!
From modest beginnings, Cincinnati soon became the “Queen City of the West”. In 1788, Israel Ludlow, Matthias Denman, and Robert Patterson purchased eight hundred acres from John Cleves Symmes along the Ohio River at the Licking River’s mouth. Symmes had purchased two million acres of land from the Confederation Congress in 1787 and now hoped to become rich by selling parts of the Symmes Purchase to others. Denman provided the necessary cash; Patterson found settlers; and Ludlow surveyed the land to make sales and also establish a town. By early January 1789, Ludlow had platted the town, dividing it into two types of lots. Near the town’s center, lots were one-half acre. Outlying lots were four acres. Ludlow, Denman, and Patterson provided the first thirty settlers with two free lots, one of each type. The three men named the town Losantiville. The name was a convoluted contraction of the idea that this was a “city across from the mouth of the Licking River.” The town grew slowly. One month after the settlement was established; only three log cabins existed in Losantiville. On the outlying lots, settlers had constructed twenty cabins and one frame house. Eleven families and two dozen single men lived on the land. In August 1789, the village began to grow quickly. In that month, Josiah Harmar authorized the construction of Fort Washington to protect settlers in both the Symmes Purchase and the Miami Purchase, as well as in northern Kentucky. The fort was located just west of Denman’s, Ludlow’s, and Patterson’s eight hundred acres of land. When completed in December 1789, Harmar made Fort Washington his headquarters. Usually three hundred soldiers lived in the fort, increasing Losantiville’s population to nearly five hundred people. In 1790, the governor of the Northwest Territory, Arthur St. Clair, proceeded to establish Hamilton County and made Losantiville the county seat. St. Clair disliked the name Losantiville and changed the town’s name to Cincinnati. The town’s name is recognition of the Roman citizen soldier Cincinnatus. It is also an acknowledgment of the Society of Cincinnati.
Thus are the humble beginnings of how the city of Cincinnati came to be. Located along the Ohio River between the seven hills that nestle this town, one would not come to think that such a bustling river town would contain waterfalls. They are here, though in places one would not think to look, are many different types of unique falls to be found. Here are s amall sampling of what the city of Cincinnat has to offer the waterfall enthusiast.